09 September 2022

Global Warming or the Next Ice Age?

Image from the 2004 movie, The Day After TomorrowThe coming ice age is a popular topic of conversation among scientists and laypeople alike. For years, moviegoers have been entertained by the idea of a new ice age, and the scientific community has grappled with the possibility of a coming ice age for just as long. 

Theorists have proposed a variety of mechanisms that could bring about a new ice age, from a decrease in solar activity to an increase in volcanic activity However, the most likely cause of a new ice age is a decrease in greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere, and a decrease in their concentration could cause the Earth's average temperature to drop, leading to an increase in ice and snow cover. The last ice age occurred approximately 10,000 years ago; many scientists believe that we are due for another one. Although the coming ice age may be centuries away, it is still a very real possibility and one that we should be prepared for.

08 September 2022

Warp Drive is Possible

A story that should have been a part of every newscast, but was regulated by science magazines, and linked by a  few national websites.  The story, Warp Drive is More Feasible than Thought.  Not only could we build a craft able to come close to the speed of light, but that we could exceed the speed of light, and go as much as 10 X's the speed of light.

If you follow the world of Ufology, the first thing that skeptics point to is the fact that it is impossible to travel faster than the speed of light. It would take a prohibitively long time for any race to reach the Earth, but if warp drive is possible, then it would be possible. However, if you follow the world of Star Trek, we are talking about the possibility of achieving Warp Factor 2. This is a limited speed for interstellar travel but would reduce the trip from the Earth to the Moon to 13 seconds, and any location in the solar system to under an hour. 

This would open up the moons of Jupiter and Saturn to exploration, and colonization. Manufacturing, mining, food, and energy production could be moved off-world. An not just the asteroid belt, but the exploration of the ort could, with thousands of planetoids, some possible as large or larger than the earth, to explore. 

This is a long way from Star Treks' future we would like to see within our lifetimes, but it is a step in the right direction. I just wonder why the sudden change in the scientific community? It is almost like we are being guided by aliens, spoon-feeding us just enough knowledge to keep us going, but not enough to allow us to leave our own orbit. Everything from personal computers to cell phones all has roots in the Star Trek universe, with some part of their creation influenced by the show.

The idea for warp drive is of course not knew. Yes, it was dreamed up by Hollywood, but not in a vacuum. Many of the ideas from the design of the Enterprise, propulsion came from the minds of scientists and engineers from NASA, and  McDonald Douglas. The first serious proposal for warp drive was made in 1994 by Mexican physicist Miguel Alcubierre; however, it would require a power source equal to the mass of Jupiter to work.

Could this have been a miscalculation influenced by minders from space, looking to regulate our expansion beyond low earth orbit? Today scientists feel that the mass needed to power a warp drive would be considerably less.
The idea of Alcubierre's warp drive would involve a football-shape spacecraft attached to a large ring encircling it. This ring, potentially made of exotic matter, would cause space-time to warp around the starship, creating a region of contracted space in front of it and expanded space behind. 
With the above configuration, a spacecraft would be able to achieve Warp 2 or 10 times the speed of light. Recent calculations show that this could be achieved by using a spherical ring in the shape of a rounded donut, as opposed to a flat ring.

According to Harold "Sonny" White of NASA's Johnson Space Center, the warp drive could be powered by a mass about the size of a spacecraft like the Voyager 1 probe NASA launched in 1977.

So why the slow move towards solar explorations, no return to the moon, no manned trip to Mars, and only a cursory presence in space? Maybe we were moving too fast for those watching us. Even though we have made great strides, what if the idea of warp drive was combined with armed warships. Odd that we would even see a proposed breakthrough now, but I guess this is also part of the plan.  With the approach of 12/21/12, seen by most as the dawning of a new age of enlightenment, or the end of it all, those watching us may come forward to help save us from ourselves, or to guide us into the galactic community.

It could also be the fact that world leaders were unable to show a unified front when dealing with the aliens.

APPROXIMATE TIME TO TRAVEL (from star fleet legacy alliance)

Speed Times Speed of Light Earth to moon  Across Sol system 2 To nearby star  3 Across one sector 4 Across galaxy  5

Standard Orbit < 0.00001 sublight 42 hours 142 years 558,335 years 2 million years 11.17 billion years
Impulse 0.25 sublight 5.38 sec 44 hours 20 years 80 years 400,000 years
Warp 1 1 1.34 sec 11 hours 5 years 20 years 100,000 years
Warp 2 10 0.13 sec 1 hour 6 months 3 years 9,921 years
Warp 3 39 0.03 sec 17 min 2 months 1 year 2,568 years
Warp 4 102 0.01 sec 7 min 18 days 2 months 984 years
Warp 5 214 03006291 sec 3 min 9 days 1 month 468 years
Warp 6 392 0.003426 sec 2 min 5 days 19 days 255 years

06 September 2022


 In the wake of a disaster, one of the first things to go is the food supply. Grocery stores are quickly emptied as people stock up on essentials, and looting and violence can make it difficult to get food even if there are supplies available. As a result, it's important to be prepared for a food shortage in the event of an emergency. 

The first step is to create a food storage system that will last for at least three months. This can be done by storing non-perishable items as canned goods, dry goods, and emergency food kits. 

Additionally, it's important to have a water supply that can last for at least two. This can be done by filling up containers clean water or investing in a water filtration system. 

By taking these steps, you can be assured that you and your family will have access to food and water in the event of an emergency.

10 March 2022

Its not just about the price of oil

The following is a partial list of 161 items manufactured, in part, using petrochemicals. Everything from clothing to fertilizer. Just fertilizer along was up 300% in December, before the current increases. 

  • Adhesive
  • Air mattresses
  • Ammonia
  • Antifreeze
  • Antihistamines
  • Antiseptics
  • Artificial limbs
  • Artificial turf
  • Asphalt
  • Aspirin
  • Awnings
  • Backpacks
  • Balloons
  • Ballpoint pens
  • Bandages
  • Beach umbrellas
  • Boats
  • Cameras
  • Candies and gum
  • Candles
  • Car battery cases
  • Car enamel
  • Cassettes
  • Caulking
  • CDs/computer disks
  • Cell phones
  • Clothes
  • Clothesline
  • Clothing
  • Coffee makers
  • Cold cream
  • Combs
  • Computer keyboards
  • Computer monitors
  • Cortisone
  • Crayons
  • Credit cards
  • Curtains
  • Dashboards
  • Denture adhesives
  • Dentures
  • Deodorant
  • Detergent
  • Dice
  • Dishwashing liquid
  • Dog collars
  • Drinking cups
  • Dyes
  • Electric blankets
  • Electrical tape
  • Enamel
  • Epoxy paint
  • Eyeglasses
  • Fan belts
  • Faucet washers
  • Fertilizers
  • Fishing boots
  • Fishing lures
  • Floor wax
  • Food preservatives
  • Footballs
  • Fuel tanks
  • Glue
  • Glycerin
  • Golf bags
  • Golf balls
  • Guitar strings
  • Hair coloring
  • Hair curlers
  • Hand lotion
  • Hearing aids
  • Heart valves
  • House paint
  • Hula hoops
  • Ice buckets
  • Ice chests
  • Ice cube trays
  • Ink
  • Insect repellent
  • Insecticides
  • Insulation
  • iPad/iPhone
  • Kayaks
  • Laptops
  • Life jackets
  • Light-weight aircraft
  • Lipstick
  • Loudspeakers
  • Lubricants
  • Luggage
  • Model cars
  • Mops
  • Motorcycle helmets
  • Movie film
  • Nail polish
  • Noise insulation
  • Nylon rope
  • Oil filters
  • Packaging
  • Paint brushes
  • Paint roller
  • Pajamas
  • Panty hose
  • Parachutes
  • Perfumes
  • Permanent press
  • Petroleum jelly
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Pillow filling
  • Plastic toys
  • Plastics
  • Plywood adhesive
  • Propane
  • Purses
  • Putty
  • Refrigerants
  • Refrigerator linings
  • Roller skate wheels
  • Roofing
  • Rubber cement
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • Safety glasses
  • Shampoo
  • Shaving cream
  • Shoe polish
  • Shoes/sandals
  • Shower curtains
  • Skateboards
  • Skis
  • Soap dishes
  • Soft contact lenses
  • Solar panels
  • Solvents
  • Spacesuits
  • Sports car bodies
  • Sunglasses
  • Surfboards
  • Swimming pools
  • Synthetic rubber
  • Telephones
  • Tennis rackets
  • Tents
  • Tires
  • Toolboxes
  • Tool racks
  • Toothbrushes
  • Toothpaste
  • Transparent tape
  • Trash bags
  • Truck and automobile parts
  • Tubing
  • TV cabinets
  • Umbrellas
  • Unbreakable dishes
  • Upholstery
  • Vaporizers
  • Vinyl flooring
  • Vitamin capsules
  • Water pipes
  • Wind turbine blades
  • Yarn

25 July 2021

ODNI Report on Unidentified Arial Phenomena

This video grab image obtained April 28, 2020 courtesy of the US Department of Defence shows part of an unclassified video taken by Navy pilots that have circulated for years showing interactions with "unidentified aerial phenomena". 

A little over a month ago the Office of the Director of National Intelligence released its report on Unidentified Aerial Phenomena or UAP. Did the report live up to expectations and why did the government feel there was a need to come clean about UFOs. 

This starts with Florida Senator Marco Rubio; who felt the issue needed to be taken seriously, So, in 2020 as head of the Senate Intelligence Committee, he wrote a provision into the Intelligence Authorization Act requiring the report as part of the $2.3 trillion coronavirus relief and government funding bill signed into law in December of 2020.  Senate Report 116-233, accompanying the Intelligence Authorization Act (IAA) for Fiscal Year 2021,  required the Director of National Intelligence to submit an assessment of the threat posed by unidentified aerial phenomena (UAP) and the progress of the Department of Defense Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force (UAPTF - established in August of 2020*) has made in understanding this threat. 

ODNI prepared this report for the Congressional Intelligence and Armed Services Committees. UAPTF and the ODNI National Intelligence Manager for Aviation drafted this report, with input from USD(I&S), DIA, FBI, NRO, NGA, NSA, Air Force, Army, Navy, Navy/ONI, DARPA, FAA, NOAA, NGA, ODNI/NIM-Emerging and Disruptive Technology, ODNI/National Counterintelligence and Security Center, and ODNI/National Intelligence Council.

Scope of the report 

The ODNI decided early on to only look at reports submitted from US government sources, (People and equipment) only. Although there is no government-wide standards for collecting UAP data, there are some processes in place, especially in the military, for documenting events. Due to technical limitations, the report focused on events from November 2004 to March 2021. The report notes that data is still being collected, but they needed a cut-off to ensure the timely delivery of this report. 


·         144 Reports

·         80 involved observations with multiple sensors.

·           In a small number of cases, military aircraft systems processed radio frequency (RF) energy associated with UAP sightings.

·         11 instances pilots reported near misses with a UAP

·         1 – the number of reported cases with a resolution. A deflating balloon.

·         UAP Collection Challenges:

o   Many are reluctant to report UAP’s due to social-cultural stigmas:

o   We have sensor limitations

·         18 incidents described in 21 reports involved unusual flight characteristics:

o   Remaining stationery in wind

o   Moving against the wind

o   Maneuvering abruptly

o   Moving at considerable speed, without a discernable means of propulsion

The challenges of collecting data were more difficult than intended due to inconsistent methods of cataloging events. No standardized reporting method existed until the Navy was established in March of 2019. Although not in place, the same methodology was applied to events prior to 2019. Since the collection was limited to US government sources, the events cataloged are clustered around military bases and military training events.

For future reporting, UAP’s to be placed into 5 categories:

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket
 launched from Vandenberg
Air Force sparked UFO reports
throughout Southern California
on Dec. 22, 201

Airborne Clutter - These objects include birds, balloons, recreational unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), or airborne debris like plastic bags that muddle a scene and affect an operator’s ability to identify true targets, such as enemy aircraft.

Natural Atmospheric Phenomena - Natural atmospheric phenomena include ice crystals, moisture, and thermal fluctuations that may register on some infrared and radar systems

USG or Industry Developmental Programs - Some UAP observations could be attributable to developments and classified programs by U.S. entities. We were unable to confirm, however, that these systems accounted for any of the UAP reports we collected

Foreign Adversary Systems - Some UAP may be technologies deployed by China, Russia, another nation, or a non-governmental entity.

Other - Although most of the UAP described in our dataset probably remain unidentified due to limited data or challenges to the collection, processing or analysis, we may require additional scientific knowledge to successfully collect on, analyze and characterize some of them. We would group such objects in this category pending scientific advances that allowed us to better understand them.


  • UAP are not a product of a US government or industry program.
  • UAP are not the work of China, Russia, another nation, or a non-government entity. 
  • We do not have the technical capability to confirm the nature of UAPs

So, what are the next steps?

The DOD created the Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force. The UAPTF will sit within the Department of the Navy, with a dotted line to the Director of National Intelligence. The agency’s short-term goals:

  • Standardize reporting across all government agenciesThe US Air Force is currently testing the Navy’s methodology and is evaluating how to normalize future collection, reporting, and analysis across the air force.
  • Mine FAA Data - The FAA captures UAP data during normal operations. Including data from pilots' observations.  Consolidate data from various agencies, including the vast amount of data passively collected by the FAA. Much of this will be handed off to artificial intelligence/machine learning, to look for patterns in data. Hopefully to rule out things like weather balloons or natural phenomena. In addition, The FAA has an effective outreach program that can help the UAPTF reach members of the aviation community to highlight the importance of reporting UAP.
  • Invest in R&D   The UAPTF has indicated that additional funding for research and development could further the future study of the topics laid out in this report. Such investments should be guided by a UAP Collection Strategy, UAP R&D Technical Roadmap, and a UAP Program Plan.

Unfortunately, if you were looking for confronting of alien visitations, down spacecraft, bodies or other artifacts, it's not in this report, but if you want proof of aliens, it gets us one step closer. 

Link to the full report

*UAPTF - On Aug. 4, 2020, Deputy Secretary of Defense David L. Norquist approved the establishment of an Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP) Task Force (UAPTF).  The Department of the Navy, under the cognizance of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security, will lead the UAPTF.